Golden teacher mushrooms are a popular variety of psilocybe cubensis, a species of magic mushrooms that contain the psychedelic compounds psilocybin and psilocin.
They are known for their large, golden caps, mild flavor, and potent effects. Many people enjoy growing golden teacher mushrooms at home, as they are relatively easy to cultivate and can produce multiple flushes of fruits. In this blog post, we will guide you through the process of growing golden teacher mushrooms from start to finish.
What You Need to Grow Golden Teacher Mushrooms
To grow golden teacher mushrooms, you will need the following items:
- A pressure cooker or a large pot with a lid
- A sterilized glass jar or plastic container with a lid
- A sterilized needle or syringe
- A golden teacher mushroom spore syringe or a liquid culture syringe of golden teacher mushrooms
- A substrate of your choice (such as coir, sawdust, straw, compost, or grain)
- A supplement for your substrate (such as gypsum or vermiculite)
- A spawn bag or a filter patch bag
- A spray bottle with distilled water
- A thermometer and a hygrometer
- A heating mat or a warm place to incubate your spawn bags
- A plastic tub or a fruiting chamber
- A light source (such as indirect sunlight or a LED lamp)
How to Prepare Your Substrate and Spawn Bags
The substrate is the material that provides nutrients and moisture for your mushrooms to grow. The spawn bag is the container that holds your substrate and allows air exchange. To prepare your substrate and spawn bags, follow these steps:
- Choose a substrate that has a low pH and provides plenty of nutrients for golden teacher mushrooms. Some examples are compost, wheat straw, milled grain, and rye grains. Avoid substrates that have pesticides or other chemicals.
- Add a supplement to your substrate to improve its water retention and texture. Some examples are gypsum or vermiculite. Use about 10% of the weight of your substrate as a supplement.
- Mix your substrate and supplement well in a large bowl or bucket.
- Fill your spawn bag with your substrate mixture, leaving some space at the top for expansion. Seal the bag tightly and poke some holes on the top for gas exchange.
- Sterilize your spawn bag in a pressure cooker or a large pot with water. Bring the water to a boil and then lower the heat to maintain steady pressure. Cook for 90 minutes if using a pressure cooker, or 2 hours if using a pot.
- Let the spawn bag cool down completely before inoculating it with spores or liquid culture.
How to Inoculate Your Substrate with Spores or Liquid Culture
Inoculation is the process of introducing spores or liquid culture into your substrate. Spores are microscopic seeds that contain the genetic material of the mushrooms. Liquid culture is a solution that contains living mycelium, the vegetative part of the golden teacher magic mushrooms. To inoculate your substrate, follow these steps:
- Sterilize your needle or syringe by heating it over a flame until it glows red. Let it cool down before using it.
- Shake your spore syringe or liquid culture syringe well to distribute the contents evenly.
- Inject about 1 ml of golden teacher mushroom spores or liquid culture into each hole on the top of your spawn bag. Try to spread them evenly throughout the substrate.
- Seal the holes with tape or wax to prevent contamination.
- Label your spawn bag with the date and strain of your inoculation.
How to Incubate and Fruit Your Mushrooms
The incubation is the period when the mycelium colonizes the substrate and forms a network of white threads. The fruiting is the period when the mycelium produces mushrooms from its network. To incubate and fruit your mushrooms, follow these steps:
- Place your spawn bag in a warm and dark place, such as a closet or a cabinet. The ideal temperature range is between 75°F and 80°F (24°C and 27°C). The ideal humidity range is between 85% and 95%.
- Check on your spawn bag every few days to monitor its progress. You should see white mycelium growing on the surface of the substrate within a week or two. If you see any signs of contamination, such as green mold or black spots, discard the spawn bag immediately.
- Wait until the spawn bag is fully colonized, which can take anywhere from 2 to 4 weeks. You will know it is ready when the substrate is covered with a thick layer of white mycelium and no uncolonized spots are visible.
- Prepare your fruiting chamber by filling a plastic tub with a layer of perlite, a porous material that helps maintain humidity. Wet the perlite with distilled water until it is moist but not dripping. Place a rack or a tray on top of the perlite to hold your spawn bag.
- Cut open your spawn bag and remove the substrate block. Break it into smaller pieces and spread them evenly on the rack or tray. Mist the substrate lightly with distilled water to keep it moist.
- Cover the tub with a lid that has some holes for air exchange. Place the tub in a bright and airy place, such as a windowsill or a shelf. The ideal temperature range is between 70°F and 75°F (21°C and 24°C). The ideal humidity range is between 90% and 95%.
- Mist the substrate and the walls of the tub daily with distilled water to maintain humidity. Fan the tub gently with the lid to provide fresh air exchange. Avoid touching or disturbing the substrate as much as possible.
- Wait for your mushrooms to appear, which can take anywhere from 1 to 3 weeks. You will first see small bumps called pins, which will grow into mushrooms over time. The mushrooms will have golden caps, white stems, and purple-black spores.
In conclusion, growing golden teacher mushrooms at home can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience for beginners. By following the step-by-step instructions outlined in this guide, you can cultivate these fascinating mushrooms and enjoy their unique effects. From preparing the substrate and spawn bags to inoculating the substrate with spores or liquid culture bought from a reputable mushroom spore store! and finally incubating and fruiting the mushrooms, each stage of the process has been covered to ensure your success!
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